Table of Contents

SQL layer

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sql.png

1 Description

This layer adds support for a wide range of SQL dialects to Spacemacs.

1.1 Features:

  • Syntax highlighting for the following SQL dialects
    • ANSI
    • DB2
    • Informix
    • Ingres
    • Interbase
    • Linter
    • Microsoft
    • MySQL
    • Oracle
    • Postgres
    • Solid
    • SQLite
    • Sybase
    • Vertica
  • Syntax-checking via sqlint for ANSI SQL.
  • Format code with sqlfmt
  • Snippet insertion for the more general SQL constructs.
  • REPL support via SQLi buffer.
  • Automatic capitalization of keywords.

2 Install

To use this configuration layer, add it to your ~/.spacemacs. You will need to add sql to the existing dotspacemacs-configuration-layers list in this file.

For syntax-checking you also need to install ruby as well as sqlint.

gem install sqlint

2.1 SQL Keywords Capitalization

SQL, by convention, uses upper-case keywords, although lower-case works just as well. As humans, the separation between upper-case and lower-case helps scan and parse the code much more quickly.

To install sqlup-mode which enables auto capitalization in sql mode set the variable sql-capitalize-keywords to t.

(setq-default dotspacemacs-configuration-layers '(
  (sql :variables sql-capitalize-keywords t)))

2.1.1 SQL Interactive Mode

If you want capitalization only in sql-mode and not in sql-interactive-mode you can set the variable sql-capitalize-keywords-disable-interactive to t.

2.1.2 Blacklisting keywords

sqlup-mode can be configured to ignore certain keywords. For example if you use name as column name it would be annoying to have it upcased. You can prevent this behaviour by setting the variable sql-capitalize-keywords-blacklist to a list with keywords to ignore, e.g.

(setq-default dotspacemacs-configuration-layers '(
  (sql :variables
       sql-capitalize-keywords t
       sql-capitalize-keywords-blacklist '("name" "varchar"))))

This layer is blacklisting name by default as it is a very common name for column and NAME is non-reserved SQL keyword.

2.2 Auto-Indent

This mode use sql-indent to indent the code. You can check the package's README to adjust the rules. If that's not what you want, you can also disable auto-indent by setting the variable sql-auto-indent to nil.

(setq-default dotspacemacs-configuration-layers '(
  (sql :variables sql-auto-indent nil)))

3 Key bindings

3.1 Highlighting

Key binding Description
SPC m h k select a SQL dialect to highlight

3.2 Inferior Process Interactions (SQLi)

Key binding Description
SPC m b b show the SQLi buffer name
SPC m b c connect to a SQLi buffer from your saved buffer list
SPC m b s set the SQLi buffer
SPC m l a List all objects
SPC m l t list all objects in a table

3.2.1 Send SQL queries to SQLi:

Key binding Description
SPC m s b Send the whole buffer to the SQLi buffer
SPC m s B Send the whole buffer to the SQLi buffer and switch to it in insert state
SPC m s i Start the SQLi process
SPC m s f Send the paragraph around point to the SQLi buffer
SPC m s F Send the paragraph around point to the SQLi buffer and switch to it in insert state
SPC m s l Send the current line to the SQLi buffer and move to the next line insert state
SPC m s L Send the current line to the SQLi buffer and move to the next line and switch to it in insert state
SPC m s q Prompt for a string to send to the SQLi buffer
SPC m s Q Prompt for a string to send to the SQLi buffer and switch to it in insert state
SPC m s r Send the selected region to the SQLi buffer
SPC m s R Send the selected region to the SQLi buffer and switch to it in insert state

3.3 SQLi buffer

Key binding Description
SPC m b r rename buffer (follow up in the SQL buffer with SPC m b s)
SPC m b S save the current connection

3.4 Code Formatting

SPC m = c capitalize SQL keywords in region (if capitalize is enabled)

Author: root

Created: 2019-11-10 Sun 14:17

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