You are viewing the documentation for the develop branch. The documentation for the release version is here .

Table of Contents

JavaScript layer

Table of ContentsClose

javascript.png

1. Description

This layer adds support for the JavaScript language using js2-mode.

1.1. Features:

2. Install

To use this configuration layer, add it to your ~/.spacemacs. You will need to add javascript to the existing dotspacemacs-configuration-layers list in this file.

2.1. Error checking / linting

To activate error checking / linting using flycheck, install on your system one of the available linters such as ESLint, JSHint or StandardJS:

$ npm install -g eslint
# or
$ npm install -g jshint
# or
$ npm install -g standard

If you install these in non-standard locations, add the following to your dotspacemacs/user-init function:

(add-to-list 'exec-path "/path/to/node/bins" t)

Finally, you will want to turn off js2-mode warnings, since they might be in conflict with the linter you are using via flycheck:

(javascript :variables js2-mode-show-strict-warnings nil)

2.2. web-beautify

See web-beautify layer documentation.

2.3. prettier

See prettier layer documentation.

2.4. import-js

See import-js layer documentation.

Install ImportJS on your system:

$ npm install -g import-js

To enable it, set the layer variable javascript-import-tool:

(javascript :variables javascript-import-tool 'import-js)

2.5. Choosing a backend

To choose a default backend set the layer variable javascript-backend:

(javascript :variables javascript-backend 'tern)

Alternatively the lsp backend will be automatically chosen if the layer lsp is used and you did not specify any value for javascript-backend.

Backend can be chosen on a per project basis using directory local variables (files named .dir-locals.el at the root of a project), an example to use the lsp backend:

;;; Directory Local Variables
;;; For more information see (info "(emacs) Directory Variables")

((js2-mode (javascript-backend . lsp)))

When lsp is set as the backend, but you don't want to use lsp as the linter, set the variable javascript-lsp-linter to nil.

(javascript :variables
            javascript-backend 'lsp
            javascript-lsp-linter nil)

2.6. Choosing a formatter

To choose a formatter, set the layer variable javascript-fmt-tool:

(javascript :variables javascript-fmt-tool 'web-beautify)

The formatter can be chosen on a per project basis using directory local variables (files named .dir-locals.el at the root of a project). For example to use the prettier formatter:

;;; Directory Local Variables
;;; For more information see (info "(emacs) Directory Variables")

((js2-mode (javascript-fmt-tool . prettier)))

Note: you can easily add a directory local variable with SPC f v d.

You can choose formatting tool:

(setq-default dotspacemacs-configuration-layers '(
  (javascript :variables
              javascript-fmt-tool 'prettier)))

Default is ’web-beautify.

2.7. Format buffer before saving

(javascript :variables javascript-fmt-on-save t)

3. Backends

3.1. Tern

See tern layer documentation.

3.2. Tide

See tide layer documentation.

3.3. Language Server Protocol

To use an LSP server with JavaScript, add it as a javascript-backend to your ~/.spacemacs.

(setq-default dotspacemacs-configuration-layers
              '((javascript :variables
                            javascript-backend 'lsp)))

3.3.1. TypeScript

You have to install typescript-language-server (recommended) or javascript-typescript-langserver language server packages via

npm i -g typescript typescript-language-server

or

npm i -g typescript javascript-typescript-langserver

3.3.2. Flow

You have to install flow-bin.

npm i -g flow-bin

Or, if you'd rather use a locally-installed flow-bin from your project's nodemodules directory, see the node-add-modules-path setting.

3.3.3. Debugger (dap integration)

To install the debug adapter you may run M-x dap-firefox-setup or M-x dap-chrome-setup if you are using Linux or download it manually from Firefox Debug Adapter or Chrome Debug Adapter and adjust dap-firefox-debug-path or dap-chrome-debug-path. For usage instructions refer to dap-mode readme.

4. Configuration

4.1. Indentation

To change how js2-mode indents code, set the variable js2-basic-offset, as such:

(setq-default js2-basic-offset 2)

or when adding the javascript configuration layer:

(javascript :variables js2-basic-offset 2)

Similarly, to change how js-mode indents JSON files, set the variable js-indent-level, as such:

(setq-default js-indent-level 2)

or when adding the javascript configuration layer:

(javascript :variables js-indent-level 2)

4.2. REPL

4.2.1. Browser based REPL

To use the browser based REPL set the javascript-repl variable as shown below:

(setq-default dotspacemacs-configuration-layers
  '((javascript :variables javascript-repl `skewer)))

In addition you need a running httpd server and a page loaded with skewer. If a blank page serves your needs, just use the run-skewer command in your javascript buffer. If you want to inject it in your own page, follow these instructions (install the Greasemonkey script and then click the triangle in the top-right corner - if it turns green, you're good to go).

4.2.2. Server based REPL

To use the server based REPL set the javascript-repl variable as shown below:

(setq-default dotspacemacs-configuration-layers
  '((javascript :variables javascript-repl `nodejs)))

In addition install nodejs and make sure that node is in the path.

4.3. Node

4.3.1. Node Modules

If you would like node_modules/.bin to be automatically added to the buffer local exec_path, e.g. to support project local eslint installations, set the node-add-modules-path variable in the javascript config section. Note that doing this introduces a security risk:

(setq-default dotspacemacs-configuration-layers
  '((javascript :variables node-add-modules-path t)))

4.3.2. Node Externs

If you want js2-mode to presume node variables are defined by the host system (for completion purposes i.a.) set the js2-include-node-exters variable to t in the javascript config section:

(setq-default dotspacemacs-configuration-layers
  '((javascript :variables js2-include-node-externs t)))

4.4. Flow/Typescript

Enable the lsp backend to view type information, jump to declarations, and more.

js2-mode is sometimes confused by the type syntax, so you may wish to disable their parse warnings:

(javascript :variables javascript-backend 'lsp
            js2-mode-show-strict-warnings nil
            js2-mode-show-parse-errors nil)

5. Key bindings

5.1. js2-mode

Key binding Description
SPC m w toggle js2-mode warnings and errors
% jump between blockswith evil-matchit

5.2. Folding (js2-mode)

Key binding Description
SPC m z c hide element
SPC m z o show element
SPC m z r show all element
SPC m z e toggle hide/show element
SPC m z F toggle hide functions
SPC m z C toggle hide comments

5.3. Running NPM (npm-mode)

Key binding Description
SPC m n i Run the npm install command in the project root
SPC m n r Show a list of available npm scripts, and execute the selected one
SPC m n c Run the npm clean command in the project root
SPC m n s Prompt for the name of an npm package, install it and save to dependencies
SPC m n d Prompt for the name of an npm package, install it and save to devDependencies
SPC m n n Initialize new project
SPC m n u Remove project dependency
SPC m n l List installed project dependencies
SPC m n p Visit project package.json file

5.4. Importing (import-js)

Key binding Description
SPC m i i Import the module for the variable under the cursor
SPC m i f Import any missing modules and remove any modules that are not used
SPC m g i Go to the module of the variable under cursor

5.5. Refactoring (js2-refactor)

Bindings should match the plain emacs assignments.

Key binding Description
SPC m k deletes to the end of the line, but does not cross semantic boundaries
SPC m r 3 i converts ternary operator to if-statement
SPC m r a g creates a /* global */ annotation if it is missing, and adds var to point to it
SPC m r a o replaces arguments to a function call with an object literal of named arguments
SPC m r b a moves the last child out of current function, if-statement, for-loop or while-loop
SPC m r c a converts a multiline array to one line
SPC m r c o converts a multiline object literal to one line
SPC m r c u converts a multiline function to one line (expecting semicolons as statement delimiters)
SPC m r e a converts a one line array to multiline
SPC m r e f extracts the marked expressions into a new named function
SPC m r e m extracts the marked expressions out into a new method in an object literal
SPC m r e o converts a one line object literal to multiline
SPC m r e u converts a one line function to multiline (expecting semicolons as statement delimiters)
SPC m r e v takes a marked expression and replaces it with a var
SPC m r i g creates a shortcut for a marked global by injecting it in the wrapping immediately invoked function expression
SPC m r i p changes the marked expression to a parameter in a local function
SPC m r i v replaces all instances of a variable with its initial value
SPC m r l p changes a parameter to a local var in a local function
SPC m r l t adds a console.log statement for what is at point (or region)
SPC m r r v renames the variable on point and all occurrences in its lexical scope
SPC m r s l moves the next statement into current function, if-statement, for-loop, while-loop
SPC m r s s splits a String
SPC m r s v splits a var with multiple vars declared into several var statements
SPC m r t f toggle between function declaration and function expression
SPC m r u w replaces the parent statement with the selected region
SPC m r v t changes local var a to be this.a instead
SPC m r w i wraps the entire buffer in an immediately invoked function expression
SPC m r w l wraps the region in a for-loop
SPC m x m j move line down, while keeping commas correctly placed
SPC m x m k move line up, while keeping commas correctly placed

5.5.1. Documentation (js-doc)

You can check more here

Key binding Description
SPC m r d b insert JSDoc comment for current file
SPC m r d f insert JSDoc comment for function
SPC m r d t insert tag to comment
SPC m r d h show list of available jsdoc tags

5.6. Browser based REPL (skewer-mode)

Key binding Description
SPC m e e evaluates the last expression
SPC m e E evaluates and inserts the result of the last expression at point
Key binding Description
SPC m T l Toggle live evaluation of whole buffer in REPL on buffer changes
SPC m s b send current buffer contents to the skewer REPL
SPC m s B send current buffer contents to the skewer REPL and switch to it in insert state
SPC m s f send current function at point to the skewer REPL
SPC m s F send current function at point to the skewer REPL and switch to it in insert state
SPC m s i starts/switch to the skewer REPL
SPC m s r send current region to the skewer REPL
SPC m s R send current region to the skewer REPL and switch to it in insert state
SPC m s s switch to REPL

5.7. Server based REPL (nodejs-repl)

Key binding Description
SPC m s i Switch to NodeJS REPL if one has been started, otherwise start one
SPC m s e Send last expression to NodeJS REPL
SPC m s E Send last expression to NodeJS REPL and switch to REPL
SPC m s b Send current buffer to NodeJS REPL
SPC m s B Send current buffer to NodeJS REPL and switch to REPL
SPC m s l Send current line to NodeJS REPL
SPC m s L Send current line to NodeJS REPL and switch to REPL
SPC m s r Send active region to NodeJS REPL
SPC m s R Send active region to NodeJS REPL and switch to REPL
SPC m s s switch to REPL

5.8. debugger (dap mode)

Using the dap layer you'll get access to all the DAP key bindings, see the complete list of key bindings on the dap layer description.

Author: root

Created: 2021-09-11 Sat 23:12

Validate