Table of Contents

Go layer

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go.png

1 Description

This layer adds extensive support for the Go programming language.

1.1 Features:

2 Install

2.1 Layer

To use this configuration layer, add it to your ~/.spacemacs. You will need to add go to the existing dotspacemacs-configuration-layers list in this file.

2.2 Choosing a backend

To choose a default backend set the layer variable go-backend:

(go :variables go-backend 'go-mode)

Alternatively the lsp backend will be automatically chosen if the layer lsp is used and you did not specify any value for go-backend.

Backend can be chosen on a per project basis using directory local variables (files named .dir-locals.el at the root of a project), an example to use the lsp backend:

;;; Directory Local Variables
;;; For more information see (info "(emacs) Directory Variables")

((go-mode (go-backend . lsp)))

Note: you can easily add a directory local variable with SPC f v d.

2.3 Pre-requisites

You will need gocode, gogetdoc, godef, godoctor and many others to get all the goodies of this layer:

GO111MODULE=on go get -v golang.org/x/tools/gopls@latest
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/godoc
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/goimports
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/gorename
go get -u -v golang.org/x/tools/cmd/guru
go get -u -v github.com/cweill/gotests/...
go get -u -v github.com/davidrjenni/reftools/cmd/fillstruct
go get -u -v github.com/fatih/gomodifytags
go get -u -v github.com/godoctor/godoctor
go get -u -v github.com/golangci/golangci-lint/cmd/golangci-lint
go get -u -v github.com/haya14busa/gopkgs/cmd/gopkgs
go get -u -v github.com/josharian/impl
go get -u -v github.com/mdempsky/gocode
go get -u -v github.com/rogpeppe/godef
go get -u -v github.com/zmb3/gogetdoc

Make sure that the executables are in your search $PATH. Note that they are installed on $(go env GOPATH)/bin, or $GOBIN if that environment variable is defined. For information about setting up $PATH, check out the corresponding section in the FAQ (SPC h f $PATH RET).

For best results, make sure that the auto-completion and syntax-checking layers are enabled as well.

3 Configuration

3.1 Execution

To run the current main package with command line arguments, set the value of go-run-args as a file local variable, e.g.

// Local Variables:
// go-run-args: "--output run.log"
// End:

3.2 Indentation

By default, the tab width in Go mode is 8 spaces. To use a different value, set the layer variable go-tab-width, e.g.

(go :variables go-tab-width 4)

If you're using .editorconfig in your project, set the value to nil to avoid conflicts, i.e.

(go :variables go-tab-width nil)

3.3 Autoformat

To run gofmt before save, set the value to a non-nil, i.e.

(go :variables go-format-before-save t)

To use a different formatter, set the value of gofmt-command, e.g.

(go :variables gofmt-command "goimports")

3.4 Linting

If you wish to use golangci-lint, set the following layer variable to non-nil:

(go :variables go-use-golangci-lint t)

Check golangci-lint and flycheck-golangci-lint for more details.

3.5 Tests

If you're using gocheck or testify in your project you can use the go-use-gocheck-for-testing or go-use-testify-for-testing variable to enable suite testing and to get single function testing to work.

Tests are run in a compilation buffer displayed in a popup window that can be closed by pressing C-g from any other window. The variable go-test-buffer-name can be customized to set the output buffer name.

To provide additional arguments to go test, specify go-use-test-args.

(go :variables go-use-test-args "-race -timeout 10s")

3.6 Coverage

go-coverage-display-buffer-func controls how go-coverage should display the coverage buffer. See display-buffer for a list of possible functions. The default value is display-buffer-reuse-window.

3.7 Guru

If you would like to use the Go Guru bindings in your work, in your project you will need to set the scope with SPC m f o. The scope is a comma separated set of packages, and Go's recursive operator is supported. In addition, you can prefix it with - to exclude a package from searching.

3.8 Auto-completion

For auto-completion there are actually two choices. First there is the classic gocode. This has been around for quite a long time now, however gocode has many shortcomings, like not being able to show documentation for built-in objects or being fully dependent on installed binary files to provide its suggestions.

A more modern and complete solution is provided by gogetdoc, which is able to precisely detect all documentations in your go projects independently from where they have been added. This is also the recommended choice from go-mode.el.

To choose gocode nothing more needs to be done. To use gogetdoc you need to set the layer variable:

(go :variables godoc-at-point-function 'godoc-gogetdoc)

If you choose to use gocode there are some suggestions to improve its results. As gocode uses the output from installed binary files to provide its suggestions. You have a few options to ensure you always get up to date suggestions:

  • Run go install ./... in your package directory when you make a file change.
  • Run gocode set autobuild true to have gocode attempt to run go install ./... for you.
  • You can configure your task runner to run the go install ./... command on every file change.

3.9 LSP backend

To enable the LSP backend, ensure that the lsp layer is enabled, and set the layer variable go-backend:

(go :variables go-backend 'lsp)

You can check lsp-mode for the gory details.

The backend can be chosen on a per project basis using directory local variables (files named .dir-locals.el at the root of a project), an example is to use the go-mode backend:

;;; Directory Local Variables
;;; For more information see (info "(emacs) Directory Variables")

((go-mode (go-backend . go-mode)))

Note: you can easily add a directory local variable with SPC f v d.

4 Working with Go

4.1 Go commands (start with m):

Key binding Description
SPC m = run "go fmt"
SPC m e b go-play buffer
SPC m e d download go-play snippet
SPC m e r go-play region
SPC m g a jump to matching test file or back from test to code file
SPC m g c open a clone of the current buffer with a coverage info (go tool cover -h for help)
SPC m g g go jump to definition
SPC m h h godoc at point
SPC m i a add import
SPC m i g goto imports
SPC m i r remove unused import
SPC m r n go rename
SPC m t P run "go test" for the current package and all packages under it
SPC m t g f generate tests for all exported functions
SPC m t g F generate tests for all functions
SPC m t g g DWIM generate test for the function in the active region
SPC m t p run "go test" for the current package
SPC m t s run "go test" for the suite you're currently in (requires gocheck)
SPC m t t run "go test" for the function you're currently in (while you're in a _.test.go file)
SPC m x x run "go run" for the current 'main' package

4.2 Go Guru

Key binding Description
SPC m f < go-guru show possible callers
SPC m f > go-guru show call targets
SPC m f c go-guru show channel sends/receives
SPC m f d go-guru describe symbol at point
SPC m f e go-guru show possible contants/types for error value
SPC m f f go-guru show free variables
SPC m f i go-guru show implements relation
SPC m f j go-guru jump to symbol definition
SPC m f o go-guru set analysis scope
SPC m f p go-guru show what the select expression points to
SPC m f r go-guru show referrers
SPC m f s go-guru show callstack

4.3 Refactoring

Key binding Description
SPC m r d Add comment stubs
SPC m r e Extract code as new function
SPC m r f Add field tags (with gomodifytags)
SPC m r F Remove field tags (with gomodifytags)
SPC m r i Generate method stubs for implementing an interface (go-impl)
SPC m r n Rename (with godoctor)
SPC m r N Rename (with go-rename)
SPC m r s Fill structure with default values (with go-fillstruct)
SPC m r t Toggle declaration and assignment

Author: root

Created: 2019-11-10 Sun 14:17

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